Earlier Union Projects. —The idea of a union of the different British colonies in America was by no means new. Early in
the century the Hon. Mr. Uniacke, an eminent Nova Scotian, had submitted to the colonial office a plan for such a union. Chief Justice Sewell, in 1814, had written to the Duke of Kent in favor of the project. At the time of the movement in 1822 for a union of Upper and Lower Canada, Sir John B. Robinson had advocated the larger union. These early suggestions, however, had come from men of the official class, and no popular support had been given to them. Lord Durham's advocacy of union has been already noticed ; but the different provinces were at that time (1839) too much engrossed in the struggle for responsible government to give the project practical attention.
Individual Efforts.—In each province, however, the question continued to be discussed, and on several occasions official communication was had with the colonial office upon the subject. In 1857, for instance, the Johnston ministry of Nova Scotia sent a