language of John A. Macdonald, when, in 1865, he moved the adoption of the Quebec resolutions, upon which our Confederation is founded : " Then men of all parties and all shades of politics became alarmed at the aspect of affairs. They found that such was the opposition between the two sections of the province, such was the danger of impending anarchy in consequence of irreconcilable differences of opinion in reference to representation by population between Upper and I.ower Canada, that unless some solution was arrived at we should suffer under a succession of weak governuu;nts—weak in numerical support, weak in force, and weak in power of doing good. All were alarmed at this state of affitirs. We had election after election, we had ministry after ministry, with the same result. Parties were so equally balanced that the vote of one member might decide the fate of the administration. This condition of things was well calculated to arouse the earnest consideration of every lover of his country, and I am happy to say it had that effect.,' The solution was Confederation.
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND (1840-1867).
A Desire for " Responsible Government. "—In Prince
Edward Island, with its comparatively small population, the demand for responsible government cause at a much later period than in the other provinces. Once demanded, it was conceded with very little delay on the part of the colonial office, and without much friction on the island. The disputes between the executive and the assembly were apparently never of a very serious character. The administrative staff was not large, and was supported by the Imperial government out of the revenues collected on the island under Imperial Acts. Sir H. V. Huntley, who was lieutenant-governor from 1841 to 1841, quarrelled bitterly with the speaker of the assembly (Hon. Joseph Pope) over a proposition, opposed by
donald (J. S.)-Dorion ministry- ; but the result of the election was to leave matters in as tangled a condition as before. Again the ministry resigned, and the second TachBMacdonald government was formed. It in turn was outvoted, and to all appearance a dead-lack had come.