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274   HIST'OR] OF CANADA.

~2itchie, went into regular opposition. It will be remembered that in the election of 1842 the electors of the province had supported the executive council against the advocates of responsible government. The Reform leaders again took their stand upon the doctrine, and at the next general election so far succeeded that by formal resolution (February, 1848) the new assembly signified its adhesion to it.

CHAPTER XLIII.

INCREASING AUTONOMY.

A Common Triumph.—When Lord Elgin was appointed
governor-general of British North America (1847) his instructions
from the colonial secretary, Earl Grey, were to carry out the

principle of Lord Russell's des-
patches to its logical result.
Lord Elgin had married a daugh-
ter of Lord Durham, and was
naturally anxious to see the
views expressed in the cele-
brated report fairly applied to
the government of the prov-
inces. The spring of 1848 saw
the second Lafontaine-Baldwin
ministry in power in Canada,
the Uniacke ministry installed
in Nova Scotia, and Wilmot and

Fisher—two of the leading Re-

LORD ELGIN.   formers of New Brunswick

made members of an executive

council which openly avowed that it held office on the tenure of public confidence. In this complete establishment of "responsible government" the different provinces enjoyed a common triumph. The Reformers in each province had watched with much sympathy the progress of the struggle in the others. The leaders had been in frequent communication, and a concession gained from the colonial office for one province had often been a gain for all.

Further Imperial Concessions. —The right of self-govern-

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