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HISTORY OF CANADA.   265

moved a vote of want of confidence in the existing ministry. It became unnecessary, however, to press the motion. Draper and the other obnoxious members retired, and a reconstruction took place. It united all parties in the House with the exception of the extreme Conservatives, who looked with angry amazement at the spectacle of a governor calling to his council men whom they regarded as little better than rebels. The new ministry is known as the first Lafontaine-Baldwin ministry. It contained such men from the lower section of the province as A. N. Morin and T. C. Aylwin, in addition, of course, to Lafontaine himself. He, it may be noted, sat in the House as member for one of the ridings of the Leer Canadian county of York, while Baldwin represented the Lower Canadian constituency of Rimouski. Another well-known member of this ministry was Francis Hincks, whose knowledge of finance made him a valuable councillor. The adoption of a double name for the Canadian ministry was followed in every administration (save one) down to Confederation—typical, unhappily, of the sectional difficulties which, at a later period, brought about a dead-lock in public affairs.

Death of Sir Charles Bagot.—Owing to the change of ministry during the course of the session of 1842, legislation was somewhat limited. Sir Charles Bagot was at this time in poor health and solicited his recall. It has been said that his course in allowing the formation of a distinctly "party" ministry—the first in the British colonies—was criticised by the colonial office, and that this had something to do with his request to be recalled. The request was granted, but before Sir Charles could act upon it his illness terminated fatally. He died at Kingston in May, 1843. His successor was Sir Charles Theophilus Metcalfe, during whose tenure of office "responsible government" was sorely tried.

CHAPTER XLII.

A TIME OF TRIAL.

A Striking Likeness.—There is a marked similarity in the history of the three provinces, Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, during the period from 1843 to 1848 ; so much so


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