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HISTORY OF CANADA.   259

Both in Nova Scotia and in Canada the aim was to unite the old parties under a coalition government. Afterwards in New Bruns-wick the same policy was pursued. As a result of the contests of the next few years this attempt to prevent the creation of " party" government was abandoned, and in the year 1848 that system—apparently inseparable from popular government—may be said to have become firmly established in the different provinces. For the present, however, the reformers of Nova Scotia were disposed to give the government a generous support, so long as measures of reform were not obstructed. After an agitation ex-tending over four years, during which time, as Howe with pardon-able pride remarked, "not a blow had been struck nor a pane of glass broken," the principle of responsible government had been practically acknowledged.

The New Canadian Council.—Lord Sydenham had selected. Kingston as the capital of Canada. For the legislative council a

judicious selection was made of twenty-four men from different parts of the now united provinces. An executive council of eight members was appointed, consisting of certain of the old heads of departments. It was decidedly a "no-party" council, for in it sat together such men as W. H. Draper and Robert Baldwin. The former had hitherto been a staunch up-

holder of Family Compact doe-trines ; the latter had been the

recognized leader of the Upper Canadian reformers. Baldwin had   HON. ROBERT BALDWIN.

with some difficulty been induced

by Lord Sydenham to accept a seat in the council, which he looked upon as a mere temporary make-shift until the meeting of parliament should disclose the real state of public opinion in the united provinces.

Parties in the Assembly.—The first general election was held in March, and the first parliament met on the 14th of June, 1841. Francis Hoicks, himself a member, tells us that there were

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