reformers of upper Canada. As CHARLES POULETT THOMPSON. early as July, 1838, Francis Hincks (LORD SYDRNHAM.) had begun the publication at To-
ronto of The Examiner, with the motto, " Responsible government and the voluntary principle." When Lord Durham's report appeared it was hailed with delight, and during the summer of 1839 "Durham meetings " were held in all parts of the province. The tide of reaction was at the full when the new governor arrived in Upper Canada. The result was seen in the vote upon the union project in the assembly, where reformers and moderate conservatives joined to carry it against the Family Compact. It required all the great tact of the governor to reconcile the legislative council to the union, but in the end his efforts were successful.
The Union Act, 1840.—It now only remained to have the Act passed by the British parliament. This was accomplished on the 28th of July, 1840. But not without protest. Lord Gosford, in the House of Lords, declared that the Act was most unfair to the French-Canadian majority of Lower Canada, to whose loyalty