fulfilled, and for many years the Scotch settlers were without any spiritual guide other than the Anglican chaplains of the Hudson's Bay Company and the Roman Catholic bishop, Provencher, who arrived in 1819. The first effort toward education in Manitoba was made in 1820, in which year the Rev. Mr. West started a school in the settlement. The long rivalry between the two companies had brought therm both to the verge of bankruptcy. After their union there was no longer need for the double staff, and many were thus thrown out of employment The greater part of these—many of them half-breeds—settled along the Red River, and the colony more than doubled its population. With Bishop Provencher, the first Roman Catholic bishop of the North-West, came a number of French-Canadians from Lower Canada. The de Meurons remained for a time in the colony, where they were joined by other Swiss immigrants ; but after the great flood of 1826 they all migrated to the banks of the Mississippi.
The Great West.—The governor of the Hudson's Bay Company was now the energetic George Simpson—afterwards Sir