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HISTORY OF CANADA.   225

William Crane were appointed delegates to the colonial office to press the views of the assembly. Lord Glenelg settled with them a civil list, in return for which the casual and territorial revenues of the province were to he surrendered to the assembly's control. This civil list, though extremely liberal, was voted by the assembly ; but the executive council, dissatisfied with the scale of salaries, induced the lieutenant-governor to withhold the Crown's assent to it until one of their number could visit the colonial office. To counteract such influence, the assembly reappointed Crane and Wilmot as delegates to England. They succeeded so well on their second mission that Sir Archibald Campbell was recalled and Sir John Harvey appointed in his place, with instructions to assent to the Civil List Bill.

" Responsible Government " not yet Demanded. —It is remarkable that while the New Brunswick assembly was thus making rapid strides toward securing control over the administration of public affairs, the idea of a " responsible " executive council was not favorably received. In 1837 a resolution was adopted by the assembly repudiating the claim "set up by another colony, that the executive council should at all times be subject to removal at the instance of the popular branch." But, almost in the same breath, they declared that "the executive council should be composed of persons possessing the confidence of the country at large." Evidently they were troubled by the same theoretical difficulty which troubled many honest men, as well as the Imperial authorities : the difficulty, namely, of a divided responsibility—to the colonial office on the one hand, and to the provincial assembly on the other. When convinced that " responsible government " could be practically carried out in a colony, the reformers of New Brunswick were quick to claim it.

CHAPTER XXXV.

NOVA SCOTIA (1815.1837)

The Earl of Dalhousie. —In Nova Scotia Sir J.. C. Sherbrooke wars lieutenant-governor when the war of 1812 closed. Upon his appointment to the governorship in 1816, and his

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