Previous The History of the Dominion of Canada (1897) Next



A Five Years' Deadlock.—The change in the composition of the legislative council had not resulted satisfactorily, for that body still persisted in rejecting bills passed by the assembly by large majorities. An agitation, therefore, sprang up in favor of making the second chamber elective. This innovation the colonial office firmly refused to sanction, and the action of the legislative council in rejecting supply bills passed by the assembly without a Civil List provision was approved of. The result of it all was that for five years (1832-1837) no supplies were granted. Lord Stanley, who in 1833 replaced Lord Goderich as colonial secretary, was more unyielding than his predecessor. He refused peremptorily to accede to the demand for an elective council, and intimated that it might be found necessary to recast the constitution of Lower Canada if the deadlock continued.

The Ninety-two Resolutions. — In 1834 the assembly passed the famous ninety-two resolutions, the burden of which was that a systematic exclusion of French-Canadians from office was carried out in the government of the province, and that the only satisfactory remedy for grievances was the making of the second chamber elective. The governor, Lord Aylmer, reported that the country was quiet and that the clamor was confined to the politicians. A new election, howeve !, kept up the excitement, and the new assembly was more w' h the extremists than the old. Even the constituencies of t Eastern Townships declared for Papineau, who now went s ar as to advocate a boycott of British goods as a means of p ting pressure upon the colonial office. At this same time an ele ion was in progress in Upper Canada, and committees were appo i ted to conduct a correspondence between the reformers in the t -o provinces.

An Imperial Commission S o t Out. — In 1835 the Melbourne ministry again took office England. It included the leading men who had been instrumen1 in passing the great British Reform Bill of 1832. The subject nf colonial grievances was taken up, but it soon became apparel that the British parliament was not yet prepared to concede `the principle that the officials of a colony should be responsibl?to the people of the colony. Nor was the idea of an electi second chamber then acceptable. Lord Aylmer, however, who 'ad been altogether too overbearing in his dealings with the Lowerdian assebly,


Previous The History of the Dominion of Canada (1897) Next