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206   HISTORY OF CANADA.

 

ment. To this end he preached a sermon—afterwards printed
for use in England—in which other denominations were attacked.

This attack brought into the lists to do
battle, not only for his own Church,
but for the larger cause of religious
equality, a young Methodist minister
of vigorous intellect and marked per-
sonality, Rev. Egerton Ryerson,
known to a later generation as the
Superintendent of Education for
I Tpper Canada. His published "re-
view" of Dr. Strachan's sermon was

/ but the beginning of an agitation
which united all "dissenters" to

BISHOP STRACHA\.   make common cause for seculariza-

tion.

The Assembly Supports "Secularization."—The first fruit of this agitation was the Act of 1831, already mentioned, extending to all Christian ministers the right to perform the ceremony of marriage. The conflict over the reserves was long and bitter. In 1828 the assembly recommended that the proceeds of the sale of the Clergy Reserves should be used to promote general education, and this course they advocated down to the year 1831. By large majorities they passed resolutions in which the legislative council refused to concur ; they passed bills which the legislative council year after year rejected. In 1832 a bill was introduced in the assembly to revest the reserves in the Crown freed of all trusts, that is to say, to turn them into Crown lands pure and simple. In 1832 and 1833 this bill passed its second reading by large majorities, but for some reason proceeded no further. In 1834 it passed iii the assembly in spite of vigorous opposition from the executive, but was rejected by the legislative council. The action of the assembly during these sessions is the more remarkable, as it was the same House which time and again expelled the well-known reformer, William Lyon Mackenzie.

Rectories Created.—In 1835 the legislative council again rejected a bill passed by the newly-elected reform assembly to apply the reserves to purposes of education. The power to create and endow rectories had, up to this time, not been acted upon ;

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