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HISTORY OF CANADA.   205

The Act further provided that the governor might erect within every township or parish one or more parsonages or rectories according to the establishment of the Church of England, and might endow the same with lands chosen from these "Clergy Reserves," as they were called.

Claim of the Church of Scotland.—Though the Clergy Reserves were a great hindrance to improvement in the various settlements, the income derived from them was for many years so trifling in amount that no question arose as to its distribution. At length, in 1819, the Presbyterians asked that a grant might be made out of the Clergy Reserves fund to assist them in rebuilding one of their churches which had been destroyed by fire. The law officers of the Crown in England, to whom the request was referred, gave their opinion that the words—"a Protestant clergy "—included the ministers of the Church of Scot-land as well as those of the Church of England, but that they did not include those of any other denomination. The Anglican Church in Canada declined, however, to admit the claim even of the Church of Scotland. About this time a Clergy Reserves Corporation was formed, consisting exclusively of Anglican clergymen, to whom power was given to lease the reserves and collect the

rents. The balance, after paying ex-

penses, was for many years very small, but the Upper Canadian assembly sup-ported the claims of the Church of Scot-land to share even in this small balance.

Rev. Egerton Ryerson.—In the years 1826 and 1827, certain events occurred which brought other religious bodies into the controversy, and turned the contest between the Churches of England and of Scotland into a campaign: for "secularization" pure and simplethat ,is to say, for the appro-

priation-of the reserves to the general R,,. EGERTO\' RYERSO . improvement of the province. At. this – -   -

time Archdeacon Strachan was exerting himself to procure the charter for King's College, and also to, secure for the Anglican Church in Canada pecuniary assistance from the British parlia-

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