by a company composed
largely of Halifax and Pictou
merchants. She sailed from ~_ _=
Pictou in August, 1833, and
the passage to London was TiF " ROYAL WILLIAM." made in twenty-five days.
The first steamship to enter the Pacific Ocean was the Bearer, built in England for the Hudson's Bay Company, and employed for many years in the carrying trade of the Pacific coast. She rounded Cape Horn on her first voyage in 1835. Not until about 1838 was the problem of transatlantic steam navigation practically settled. One of the first to enter systematically upon it was a Nova Scotian, Samuel Cunard. In 1839 he entered into a contract with the British government for the carriage of the mails between England and America by means of a steamship line. The first ship of the line—the Britannia, a paddle-wheel steamer—sailed from Liverpool in July, 1840. Out of this venture has grown the well-known Cunard Line of ocean steamships.
Attention Given to Canals.—The application of steam to land traffic was yet in its infancy. The first locomotive in Canada was used in 1837 on a short tram-line between Laprairie (opposite