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HISTORY OF CANADA.   181

ungranted Crown Reserves amounted to over 1,300,000 acres more. The town of Galt takes its name from the secretary of the company, the well-known writer, John Galt, father of Sir Alexander T. Galt, and of Chief Justice Sir Thomas Galt. In 1827, Guelph and Goderich were founded with much ceremony. To the extent that the purchase of the Crown Reserves by the Canada Company threw them open to immediate settlement, the company proved a blessing to the country. When it began its operations immigrants were arriving "by thousands," and the company's lands scattered through the more settled districts were rapidly taken up. But in the Huron tract, where their land lay in one huge block, settlement proceeded but slowly, and the company's monopoly was for many years a standing grievance in western Upper Canada.

A Large Influx.—By the year 1830 the immigration from the British Isles into Canada, particularly into the upper province, had assumed very large proportions. In 1831 it amounted to 34,000, while during the period from 1829 to 1833 it reached a total of 160,000. English, Scotch and Irish, all were represented.* The migration from Ireland was the most marked during the years after 1830. The Adelaide settlement in the western part of Upper Canada was begun by a number of Irish soldiers, officers and men, and this soon became a well-known and prosperous region. A number of Irish immigrants also settled at Quebec and in the country south of it, at Montreal, and in the Eastern Townships.

Cholera Checks Immigration.—In 1832, an immigrant ship brought Asiatic cholera to Quebec, and in spite of all precautions the epidemic spread through Canada. In 1834 it broke out again with increased severity, and the mortality, particularly in the towns, was appalling. The result was an outcry against further state-aided immigration, and for some years there was a marked falling off in the flow of population to the Canadian provinces.

* THE INCREASE IN CANADA.—The extent of the increase in the population of the two Canadas during this period may be gathered from the following figures: The upper province, which had in 1812 a population of 75,000, had increased by 1824 to 157,000, and by 1841 to 470,000. Lower Canada, meanwhile, increased from 225,000 in 1812 to 430,000 in 1824, and to 030,000 in 1841.


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