Previous The History of the Dominion of Canada (1897) Next

 

176   HISTORY OF CANADA.

made early in the season (March), but again the Grand Army of the North found it difficult to get beyond Lacolle Mill, and soon retired again to Plattsburg. Upon receiving his reinforcements Sir George Prevost determined to attack Plattsburg by land and sea, as a first move toward the invasion of New York. The British fleet, however, was completely defeated off Plattsburg, in sight of the contending forces on shore, and Prevost deemed it prudent to draw off his army. For this he was much blamed, though Wellington, it is said, approved of his decision to resume a strictly defensive attitude upon losing command on the lake.

Naval Operations on Lake Ontario.—During the winter the British fleet upon Lake Ontario had been strengthened, and the American fleet was kept shut up in Sackett's Harbor during the summer of 1814. Oswego was captured by Sir James Yeo early in May after a short resistance, but the military stores for Sackett's Harbor, which were the object of the expedition, had been removed up the river. During the subsequent blockade of Sackett's Harbor supplies for that point were intercepted, but on one occasion a British party, venturing up Sandy Creek in pursuit of a supply flotilla, fell into an ambuscade, many being killed and the rest captured.

Niagara Frontier—Chippewa Creek.--On the Niagara frontier, General Drummond at Fort George was first-in-command over the British forces. General Brown was at the head of the American army which was gathered at Buffalo for a further attempt upon Canada. Early iii July a crossing was effected, the' British garrison at Fort Erie abandoning that position and falling back upon General Riall's camp at Chippewa Creek (Welland River). On the 5th of July a battle was fought on the south side of that stream, in which Riall was finally forced to give way before superior numbers. He retired across the stream to his entrenchments upon the northern bank, and finally retreated toward Fort George.

Lundy's Lane.—Further British reinforcements arriving, General Brown, who had advanced to attack Fort George, retired again toward Chippewa Creek. It is said that Brown's retrograde movement was taken in order to draw Drummond out. However this may be, Drummond did follow. Late in the afternoon of the 25th of July, 1814, he was taking a position at Lundy's Lane, a


Previous The History of the Dominion of Canada (1897) Next