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forcing them to turn and give by military critics as the best

British held their ground against the attack of a superior force, and finally drove Boyd from the field. Farther down the river Wilkinson heard of the disaster at Chateauguay and of Hampton's retreat, and he there-upon decided to abandon the enterprise. His forces were withdrawn to the American side of the river, where an entrenched winter camp was formed.

1814—British Regulars Sent to Canada.—Meanwhile the war in Europe had ended for a time in Napoleon's imprisonment upon Elba. Great Britain was now free to turn her attention to the war in America,

and, as a result, the year 1814 States.' Before the summer


battle. This conflict is spoken of contested battle of the war. The

was one of disaster to the United ended she had abandoned the

attempt to conquer Canada, and from the assailant had become the assailed. Hitherto the Canadian militia had borne the brunt of the conflict, but now British regulars were sent out in large numbers to assist in the defence of Canada. Sir George Prevost detained the greater part of these regulars in Lower Canada, intending to invade New York. The number sent to the Niagara frontier was nevertheless large. Discipline, too, was beginning to tell upon the American troops, and the concluding battles of the war in Canada were very different from the skirmishing engagements of the previous years. But, before speaking of these, mention should be made of the earlier events of the year in other parts of Canada.

Plattsburg.—On the Lake Champlain frontier an attack was


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