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HISTORY OF CANADA.   167

American force, now nearly one thousand strong, under General Wadsworth, was completely hemmed in upon the rocky plateau overlooking the river. Mingled cheers and w-arw-hoops heralded the British attack. Charge after charge was made upon the American position, and it was finally carried at the point of the bayonet. After a gallant defence, General Wadsworth was obliged to surrender with all his men.

"Proclamation Smyth" Retires to Winter-quarters. —An armistice was again agreed upon between Van Rensselaer and Sheaffe, and not until the end of November was the Niagara frontier again menaced. General Smyth—sometimes spoken of as "Proclamation Smyth," from the bombastic tone of the proclamation with which he began his invasion of Canada—was now at the head of the Grand Army of the Centre. A small force succeeded in landing on the Canadian side near Fort Erie, captured a battery and spiked the guns, but, being unsupported, was in the end obliged to surrender. The further proceedings of General Smyth degenerated into a farce, and the army was finally marched into winter-quarters. The braggart general was promptly dismissed from the service.

Lake Champlain—General Dearborn also Retires.—The Grand Army of the North under the commander-in-chief had this year done practically nothing. The Lower Canadian frontier was crossed near the foot of Lake Champlain, but, after suffering a repulse from a mere handful of militia at Lacolle Mill, General Dearborn, pleading the rawness of his own troops, recrossed the border and took up his winter-quarters at Plattsburg.

Naval Operations in 1812.-During this year the British naval force upon the lakes met with little opposition, but active preparations were being made by the United States to turn the scale in the next year's campaign. Upon the ocean the result of the operations of 1812 was upon the whole decidedly favorable to the United States. She had thus far utterly failed where she had confidently expected an easy conquest, and had succeeded where she had scarcely hoped to hold her own.

1813—Western Frontier—Frenchtown.—For the year 1813 the American plan of campaign was the same as that for the preceding year, except that there were different leaders and that the Grand Army of the Centre was divided. Its right wing was to


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