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regular troops in Canada were few. Great Britain, straining every nerve against Napoleon in Europe, was obliged during the first two years of the war to leave her North American colonies largely to their own defence. Newfoundland contributed a corps of Fencibles to aid the Canadian provinces, and the Loyalists of New Brunswick sent detachments to help their brethren in the west. Everywhere enrolment in the militia proceeded rapidly. The assemblies of Upper and Lower Canada did all in their power, by liberal grants and the passing of Militia Acts, to strengthen the hands of the British officers who were to lead the provincial forces

against the invader. The Maritime

Provinces were equally prompt in their liberality. In Lower Canada, Lieutenant-Colonel de Salaberry, "the hero of Chateauguay," organized his French-Canadian Voltigeurs ; on the St. Lawrence, "Red George" Macdonell drilled his Glengarry Fencibles ; while in the west, at York and along the Niagara and Lake Erie frontier, militia companies of young men were formed. Throughout the war all these did valiant service in defence of their native land. At this time Major-General Sir Isaac Brock was in command of the forces in Upper

Canada. He was also the civil administrator of the province during the absence in England of the lieutenant-governor, Francis Gore.

Hull Crosses the Frontier.---The Grand Army of the West was ready first. There had been continuous war with the Indian tribes to the south-west of Detroit, and the United States forces there were soon gathered for an attack upon Canada. On the 12th of July, 1812, Hull crossed from Detroit with a large force. From his "headquarters" at Sandwich he issued a proclamation calling upon the inhabitants of Canada—at this point largely French-Canadians—to observe a strict neutrality. He apparently anticipated that the Indian tribes would flock to the British standard, and he therefore announced that no quarter would be given if they were allowed to take part in the war. The only British regulars




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