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154   RISTORY OF CANADA.

than eighteen miles distant from an Anglican clergyman, magistrates were empowered to perform the marriage ceremony w. er due notice had been posted up. The law of Englah,i at this time did not recognize the right of ministers without the pale of the established Church to baptize, marry, or bury even the members of their own congregations. The Presbyterian clergy in the province, relying upon their position as the established Church of Scotland, petitioned for an Act empowering them to perform these necessary ceremonies. Simcoe professed his astonishment and regret that they should have preferred a request which, in his opinion, could only be the outcome of a spirit, of disaffection ! In 1798, after Simcoe had gone, an Act was passed by which regularly ordained ministers of the Church of Scotland (the language of the Act practically confined its benefit to these) might, after going through very rigorous formalities, secure permission from the Courts of Qual i,er Sessions to perform the marriage ceremony ; only, however, in case one of the parties had been for six months at least a member of the minister's own congregation, and then only after publication of the banns upon three successive Sundays. Thus the law stood for over thirty years.

CHAPTER XXYI.

THE MARITIME PROVINCES (1783-1812).

Steady Progress.—The Maritime Provinces during these years were also steadily progressing. Here as in the two Canadas government was in the hands of an official class. The settlers were busy making new homes. The assemblies confined them-selves to passing such laws as the necessities of the provinces called for, and interfered little with the work of the officials.

New Brunswick.—As already mentioned, there was a great influx of U. E. Loyalists into the old county .of Sunbury, Nova Scotia, after the close of the American revolution, the valley of the St. John receiving the greatest addition to its population. The new settlers immediately asked that they should be allowed more representatives in the Nova Scotia assembly. This being denied them, and there being trouble as well in getting their land


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