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HISTORY OF CANADA.   149

at this time some few English-speaking Canadians strongly supported their French-Canadian fellow-citizens in their opposition to the tyranny of the executive faction. The extreme views entertained by Craig are shown in his despatches to England, in which he gives the French-Canadian members of the assembly a very bad character and lauds the legislative council. The governor advocated the repeal of the Constitutional Act of 1791, or, as an alternative, such an adjustment of representation in the assembly as should give the English-speaking minority a preponderance in the House. The union of the two provinces was also favored by him as likely to lead to the same result.

Prevost's Policy of Conciliation.—His successor was Sir George Prevost, a veteran Swiss officer, who was now promoted from the lieutenant-governorship of Nova Scotia. There the mildness of his rule had won for him golden opinions. He at once adopted in Canada a policy of conciliation, appointed Bedard to a judgeship, and other leading French-Canadians to positions of trust. In a short time he was as popular with the people of Lower Canada as his predecessor had been unpopular. The result was seen during the war of 1812, when the French-Canadian militia fought side by side with their fellow-countrymen of British origin, and exhibited equal ardor in defence of home and native land against the foreign invader.

CHAPTER XXV.

FPPER CANADA (1791-1812).

The First Parliament of Upper Canada.—The first steps toward organizing the new government of Upper Canada were taken at Kingston. For the time being, however, Newark (now Niagara) was fixed upon as the most central point for the seat of government, and here the first assembly was called together on the 17th of September, 1792. The very first Act of this first Upper Canadian parliament introduced English law as the rule of decision in all matters relating to "property and civil rights." Trial by jury was also provided for. After a short session of four weeks, during which eight Acts in all were passed, the assembly


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