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88   HISTORY OF CANADA.

riedly abandoning the camp at Beauport, he crossed the St. Charles to the north of the city and retreated to the River Jacques Cartier, thirty miles to the west of Quebec. Bougainville, on learning of the landing at Wolfe's Cove, had marched in haste to the Plains of Abraham, but, before he arrived, the battle was over, and he at once retired again to his post at Cap Rouge. The hope of Canada was now centred in the Chevalier de Levis, who at this time was in Montreal. De Vaudreuil, feeling doubtless the need of his counsel, had sent for him on the afternoon of the battle. Upon his arrival at Jacques Cartier, de Levis at once resolved to march again for Quebec. While he pressed forward, a message was sent to de Ramezay to hold the city at all hazards.

Quebec Capitulates. -- The messenger arrived too late. Quebec had capitulated. By the terms of capitulation (September 18th, 1759) the garrison were to march out with the honors of war and be sent to France ; the inhabitants of the city were to be protected in person and property and in the free exercise of their religion. In the captured citadel Murray took command of a British garrison of between six and seven thousand men ; the fleet sailed down the river, bearing the embalmed remains of Wolfe to find their final resting place in Westminster Abbey ; de Yaudreuil departed for Montreal; the few Canadians still in the field dispersed to their homes ; while de Levis settled his army in winter-quarters, determined to retake Quebec when spring should open.

The Winter in Quebec.—During the winter Murray ruled Quebec wisely and firmly. The city was carefully guarded from spoliation, all disorder among the troops was promptly suppressed, and courts of civil jurisdiction were established to protect the rights of the inhabitants. The Canadians, from Cap Rouge easterly, took the oath of allegiance to the new government and sold supplies to the garrison. There was, however, some little skirmishing at Point Levis and at old Lorette, up the St. Charles. Parties sent out from Quebec to gather firewood were obliged to provide themselves with a military escort. There was go much sickness among the troops that when spring came not more than one-half of the garrison were fit for duty. Nevertheless, when news came that de Levis was approaching, Murray prepared to defend to the last the post so dearly won.

Battle of Ste. Foye.—De Levis embarked from Montreal


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