HISTORY OF CANADA. 81
the mountains Brigadier Forbes was slowly advancing against it with an imposing force of over six thousand men. Of these some 1,600 were regulars, chiefly Highlanders. Ever since Braddock's defeat the frontier settlements of Pennsylvania and Virginia had been scourged by the Indians of the Ohio valley, upon whom the French depended to repel any attack from that quarter. The stoppage of the supplies left them without the means to support the Indians around Fort Duquesne, and they were left alone to defend the fort against Forbes. The impossibility of a successful stand was evidently realized; for, when a picked body from Forbes' army made the last quick advance upon Fort Duquesne, they found it a smoking ruin. It was at once hastily rebuilt and named Pittsburg, in honor of the great minister. Leaving a small garrison to hold it, Forbes marched back to Philadelphia. The French, however, still held the posts toward Lake Erie, to which they had retreated.
THE FALL OF NEW FRANCE.
Montcalm's Defensive Measures.—Though the outlook was dark for New France, and the enemy was surely drawing in upon her, Montcalm addressed himself to the task of her defence with courage and ability. He knew that this year the citadel would be attacked, and he determined to conduct the defence there in person. The chain of communication with the west had been weakened by the fall of forts Frontenac and Duquesne, and Niagara was now much exposed. Here Pouchot was placed in command, and proved himself a brave soldier. At Ticonderoga Bourlamaque was stationed, with instructions to keep back the British advance in that quarter as long as possible. St. Luc de la Coyne took post near Ogdensburg to oppose any force which might attempt to descend the St. Lawrence from Lake Ontario.
British Plan of Attack. England prepared for a supreme effort. New France should be assailed by overwhelming armies. Major-General Amherst, the commander-in-chief, was to march upon Montreal, while Wolfe undertook the capture of Quebec.