the war were allowed to pass through several hands before they became the property of the king. Their price increased at each transfer, until the king, finally, paid for them many times their value. The drain upon the resources of the colony during the year just past had been very great. Supplies from France had been cut off, and, to increase the public distress, the crop had been but scanty. Except in high places among the officials of the colony, the condition of the Canadians was becoming desperate. They had been forced to sell their produce for the king's service at low prices, fixed (as often happened) by ordinances of the intendant ; now, for what they needed to sustain life, famine prices were charged.
Montcalm Arrives.—De Vaudreuil had taken vigorous defensive measures against the British. He had fortified Ticonderoga and had garrisoned it with a force of about two thousand men