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were ravaging New England. This "petite guerre," as the Canadians called it, lasted all through the war. It drew forth the best skill and endurance of the combatants on both sides, but the details of these movements would fill volumes and the results were unimportant.

Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1748.-This "War of the Austrian Succession," as it is called in Europe, is noted chiefly for the brilliant naval victories gained by the British over the fleets of France and Spain. After the capture of Louisbourg, not much interest was taken in the conduct of the war in America, where, as we have seen, the New England colonies were left to do the fighting. The Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) put an end to the strife for a time. By it Cape Breton, including the captured fortress of Louisbourg, was restored to France, much to the disgust of New England. In return, France surrendered Madras, which her troops in India had captured. There Clive was just beginning his illustrious career.




Galissonniere.—The Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle settled none of the boundary disputes in America, and Galissonniere, during his short terns of office, earnestly urged the colonial office at Versailles to take prompt and vigorous measures to make New France strong for the next struggle. Now that the peace had left the British in possession of the Hudson Bay country, he supported the Verendryes in their efforts to maintain a line of posts to shut the Hudson's Bay Company out of the country west of Lake Winnipeg. He urged that, to the east, Louisbourg should be strengthened, and that a neutral belt should be established along the gulf shore of Nova Scotia, in order to keep open the communication between Canada and Cape Breton. He turned his attention also to the British colonies to the south, and took steps to confine them to the region east of the Alleghany Mountains. This ablest of all the governors of New France seems to have put his finger at once on the weak spot in French policy with regard to the west. He

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