Previous The History of the Dominion of Canada (1897) Next



being vigorously met, were compelled to retire to their boats. The fleet itself then opened fire on the town, but so well directed and powerful was the answering fire from the fort that the ships were soon driven in disorder beyond range. After a week's stay before Quebec, Phips retired discomfited.

The Iroquois War.--The next three years (1691-1693) were occupied in fighting the Iroquois, who, despite all efforts to dislodge them, closed in again upon the Ottawa. Crops along the St. Lawrence settlements were planted and reaped by bodies of men under military protection, for the settlers dared not scatter. Among the tales of heroism with which these years abound, is one recounting how, during the absence from his home of the seigneur of Vercheres, his little daughter Madeleine with a puny garrison successfully defended his stockaded manor-house for several days against a band, of Iroquois. The fur trade was once more cut off, and not until the summer of 1693 were the traders of the west able to bring down another flotilla laden with the accumulated furs of three seasons' trade at the upper posts. In that year Frontenac received a small reinforcement from France and by vigorous efforts the fierce confederates were beaten off. The English of New York, while eager to incite the Iroquois against New France, gave them at this juncture little active assistance. A desire for peace began to grow, particularly among the western tribes of the confederacy where Jesuit influence was strong. Their refusal, however, to include the western allies of France in any peace which might be made, led to the continuance of the strife. In 1697 Frontenac, with an imposing force, invaded the Onondaga country by way of the Oswego River, but again the Iroquois abandoned their villages, leaving Frontenac the barren glory of a few captives and devastated cornfields.

The Jesuits Oppose Western Extension.—The Jesuits were much opposed to Frontenac's plans for western extension, and the intendants were inclined to take the same view. The Jesuits complained that their mission work among the Indians was rendered of no avail by the evil practices of the fur traders and the soldiers of the outpost garrisons ; and the intendants complained of the difficulty they had in keeping young men in the settlements. Toward the close of Frontenac's second term, the king, yielding to Jesuit influence, actually decreed the abandon-


Previous The History of the Dominion of Canada (1897) Next