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daut, Duchesneau, as a check upon his headstrong governor. He also took the appointment of councillors into his own hands.

La Salle and the Great West. Louis X1V. eagerly desired to hold the west, but not by colonization. The more easily to govern the colonists he would have them within - easy distance of Quebec ; the west he would hold by a chain of

garrisoned forts. In 1678 he

granted to the famous explorer, La Salle, a patent entitling him to explore toward the Mississippi on condition that La Salle should build forts to command the interior. La Salle had owned, at one time, a seigneurie at Lachine—a name given to it in grim humor by his enemies to indicate their opinion that it was the only China (la Chine) he would ever reach. This seigneurie he had sold in order

to raise funds for western ex--CPC

ploration. A little later he pro-   LA SALLE.

'cured a grant of Fort Frontenac,

and from it made long trips to the west. He visited the Ohio valley, and some even claim for him the discovery of the Mississippi. He and his lieutenant Tonty many times crossed and recrossed the low divide which, at the south end of Lake Michigan, separates the two largest water systems of North America—that of the St. Lawrence from that of the Mississippi. The first vessel to ply on Lake Erie, the Griffon, was built on the banks of the Niagara River by La Salle iii 1679. It was, unfortunately, lost on Lake Michigan in that same year. La Salle and Tonty also built forts on the banks of the Illinois River, and, in spite of every difficulty, opened up trade with the Indians of the Illinois valley.

Frontenac Recalled.—Frontenac's troubles during his first term (1672–1682) arose largely from his quarrels with Laval as to the bishop's position in affairs of state. Duchesneau, the intendant, who had his own causes of complaint against Frontenac; sided with the bishop. The disputes were long and bitter, and


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