Previous The History of the Dominion of Canada (1897) Next





Frontenac.—In 1672 there arrived at Quebec the most
famous of all the governors of New France—Louis de Buade,
Count de Frontenac, called by the Indians the Great Onontio.

He was poor, and bent on retrieving
his fortunes out of the profits of the
fur trade. Proud and over-bearing
to his equals, with the Indian tribes
he was at once familiar and master-
ful, and soon acquired much influ-
ence over them. The English were
trying now to gain a share in the
fur trade of the west. To this end
they put a higher price upon the
beaver skins and a lower price upon
the wares to be given in exchange,
so that an Indian, it was said, could
sell his furs to the English for twice

(After Statue by Hebert.)   as much as he could get from the

French Frontenac wanted to stop all this. Accordingly, in 1673, he built Fort Frontenac, where Kingston now stands, to intercept the traffic which the English desired to divert to Albany. To the same end he planned to establish a fort at the mouth of the Niagara River.

A New Intendant.—For three years Frontenac had no intendant to interfere with his plans. He undertook to assemble the inhabitants of Quebec and to divide them into the three estates of nobles, clergy, and burgesses. This act was promptly rebuked. Frontenac was told by Colbert that there must be no popular assemblies ; that " each should speak for himself and no one for all." Frontenac's fiery temper caused him to deal somewhat arbitrarily with Perrot, local governor at Montreal, whom he imprisoned for ten months for preventing the arrest of certain coureurs de bois, charged with illicit trading. Frontenac quarrelled, too, with Laval about appointments to the council. All these things combined to lead the king to send out another inten-



Previous The History of the Dominion of Canada (1897) Next