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HISTORY OF CANADA.   39

the Gulf of Mexico, while the English would have only the narrow strip of land along the Atlantic, to the east of the Alleghanies.

The French and the English on Hudson Bay. — Two enterprising traders of Three Rivers, Groseilliers and Radisson, returning from one of their trips to Lake Superior, were fined for trading without a license. In disgust Groseilliers went to Boston, and, with Captain Zachary Gillam, made a voyage by water to Hudson Bay. Afterwards the two Canadians found their way to England. There they succeeded in inducing Prince Rupert and other influential men to enter upon the fur trade of the Hudson Bay region. In 1670 Charles II. granted a charter to Prince Rupert and his associates. They were called " The Company of Merchant Adventurers of England trading into Hudson's Bay "—a company still in existence and popularly known as the Hudson's Bay Company. Trading posts were established on the shores of the bay, and a lucrative traffic was soon opened up with the tribes of the interior. Talon heard of all this, and in 1672 Father Albanel, sent by him, struggled through from the head waters of the Saguenay to the shore of Hudson Bay and took formal possession of the region for France. Across the Atlantic formal protests were made by each of the rival powers against the other's trespass.

Talon's Domestic Policy.—Talon encouraged the colonists to engage in the manufacture of such articles as they needed—rough cloth, rope, hats, shoes, soap. He also tried, but with poor success, to open a trade in fish and lumber with the West Indies. He himself operated a brewery in order to supply the settlers and traders with a less harmful beverage than brandy. He made houseto-house visits and counselled the inhabitants " in all their little affairs." His rule in New France was a fatherly despotism, well meaning indeed, but most destructive of all self-reliance on the part of the colonists. Talon left Canada finally in 1672, having spent five years of active service in it during his term of office (1665-1672).


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