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Iroquois name spread through all the country north of the St. Lawrence. Not only was settlement disappearing ; the fur trade itself was constantly interrupted and its profits lost.

" The Heroes of the Long Sault."—Montreal was in constant alarm. One year numerous Iroquois bands wintered on the Ottawa River, intending to make a combined attack on Montreal in the spring (1660). The blow was averted only by the heroic self-sacrifice of Dollard des Ormeaux. At the head of a volunteer band of young men and a few Indians, he ascended the Ottawa, and took up his station in a rude entrenchment at the foot of the Long Sault. As the Iroquois shot down the rapids, Dollard opened fire upon them from the bank. Pressed by increasing numbers, he was driven to the shelter of the fort, where for eight long days he and his little band stood "savagely at bay." In the end they were overpowered and ruthlessly slaughtered ; but in their death they inflicted so severe a loss upon the Iroquois that the latter withdrew at once to their own country, leaving Montreal unmolested for a time.

Laval.—Up to this time New France had no bishop. The
Jesuits were now all-powerful in France, and Francois de Laval

de Montigny, their nominee,
was sent out to Canada in 1659.
He was ultimately appointed
bishop in 1674. Throughout his
career in Canada, Laval was a
strong upholder of Jesuit princi-
ples. He insisted that the officers
of the State should give prece-
dence to him as the head of the
Church in Canada. He was
almost constantly engaged in
contests with the governors upon
this question. Laval, however,
was a man of great force of char-
acter, and during his time the
Church was undoubtedly exalted

over the State. His private life was one of severe simplicity.
His revenues were large, and from them he gave most gener-
ously toward the endowment of various religious institutions in



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