20 HISTORY OF CANADA.
20 HISTORY OF CANADA.
the the mo v auth valley thf the Tr the Trent River they River iney reached o the Bay of Quinternswick,
Cross St. hn had been of It was the centre where fur trade
now lies, the ct little barednd by landed in the Iroquois count rver and aries.ry on the
on the sou th the shore of ntrance the lake, the thee, and Bay of after a long Chaemarch through fithe wooded
ing station. wild
Thee rness attacked soverf an Fr Iroquois village hweve, near Lake near note Oneida. The ioned. England pressed her were to heir and and James I. arrows
greeted to the assailants. WChamplain, ilam) Alexander, under the
namwounded rny part of had carried from powers of
in savage conferrd but for many years the lord of
of wide they gave attack out an annual trading
country, hunting l With e i a s urely b view by the ay when once way enterprisee La the ke On t ar of i o had
Nova been crossed.
Monopoly was established, The price of the title was a liberal subscriptiont a to r ds Settlement.—From the this time Cham-
plain's time Krke
flee,'s a on tt en itstion way was devoted Tadoued chiefly to landed the colony r at Qu of Sebec. Of
neexploration by him westward nd for twe the h ave no record. Scoch Fentor a
tn ai me Fr, after de Monts' ot (monopoly nearpoly Cape expired, the existed trade o by f the ide. Lawrence been stoe.Durng this war between France
and met the as fort on Cape Breton was built by the
favorite as part of for the Alexaners enterprise But
trading company wa immediately s soon formed, captand the to Fr it a nch n ew and m onopoly was
_given. the Peace of St. that mnen-Laye (1632) New Franc, to
inclu coding Aadwas restored to company's employees Engli a we received in return the promise that some life of bustle; dof his ifes dowry should be no longer withheld
on h Days of hamplainChampains was ifor only
nearly dn the indeed to Quebec oxen as in That
C heh amplain himself Hundred Associelf was hone s a tly- eager ofor threehe colon iza (16tion
34) and New Fran t is for further the exporation. he healt
hoevr, failed and who at Quebec four his successor
could be named the fate closed his eyes in Louis was istmas
ac 635 while he the governor rocky New on which is the Upper Town of Quebec.
ing the eastern end of Lake Ontario from where Kingston Oneidas, however, wee on their guard, and a shower of arrows
hitherto deemed invulnerable,
was by an arrow, and had to be carried from the field, and in dismay his savage allies fell back. Unused to the slow process of a siege, they soon gave up the attack and retreated to their own been recrossed.
Lawrence had ben fr3e to all confers, and in 1611 Champlain had met as many as thirteen rival trading vessels at Montreal, a favorite rendezvous for the Algoquins of the Ottawa. But a
o....d thathis monopoly was a sore hindrance
lonization, for none but the company's employees found a welcome at Quebec. During summer all was life and bustle; uring winter all was stagnation and ofttimes
among the few settlers. Hebert, who came in 1617, was the only one who tilled the soil to any purpose, using oxen first in 1628. of New ce is shown by the fact that in 1620 he brought
out his young wife, who lived at Quebec for four years. On the heights behind the little settlemmen Fort St. Louis was built, facing the river from the edge of the rocky plateau on which
h now lies the Uppebr Todwn of Quebec.
The Iroquois Retaliate. The Iroquois, who had now lost their terror of the French, soon began to be troublesome along the upper St. Lawrence, to which they had ready access by way of Lake Champlain and the Richelieu. At times they entirely blocked the way to and from the upper Ottawa, leaving the mission among the Hurons in dire straits for lack of the usual supplies from Quebec. The Recollet fathers had built the mission