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16   HISTORY OF CANADA.

of St. Croix (now Doucett's or Neutral Island), at the mouth of the River St. Croix, which forms part of the present boundary line between New Brunswick and the State of Maine. Here a somewhat pretentious array of fort, barracks, and officers' quarters was constructed. Here, too, after a summer spent in exploring the coast, Champlain wintered (1604-1605) with de Monts and his colonists. Penned in upon the small island, the little company fell a prey to scurvy, and nearly one-half of them were dead before spring. After a vain search southward along the New England shore for a spot to their liking, it was determined to remove the colony to Port Royal, where, after erecting the necessary buildings, the diminished colony passed the next two years.

CHAMPLAPN'S SKETCH OF PORT ROYAL.

Life at Port Royal.—In the summer of 1606 Port Royal was enlivened by the coming of one Marc Lescarbot, to whose pen we are indebted for a graphic picture of life in this the only white settlement then in North America. Champlain explored all summer, making charts of the bays and harbors. Lescarbot tilled the soil, and wrote his book. When winter came (1606-1607), the company was organized into the "Good Time Club " with the result, as Lescarbot tells us, that the little colony fared as

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