THE FOUNDER OF NEW FRANCE.
Renewed Efforts Toward Colonization.—With the return of peace to France toward the close of the sixteenth century, public attention was again turned to the New World. Henry IV., better known as Henry of Navarre, determined that another effort should be made to colonize New France, and to that end he offered a monopoly of the fur trade to anyone who would undertake to plant a French colony there. The first attempt to establish a settlement was made (1600-1601) at Tadoussac, at the mouth of the Saguenay, to which spot the Montagnais Indians long resorted, even from the shores of Hudson By. But the rigor of the Tadoussac winter prevented any permanent European settlement there, and the place became a mere summer trading-post.
Champlain.—In 1603 an expedition was sent out to find, if possible, a suitable site for settlement farther up the St. Lawrence. With this expedition went one who has been well called the Founder of New France—Samuel Champlain. He was first of official explorers after Jacques Cartier, and by his published narratives and charts he soon made known to Europe the geography of that New France to which for so many years the traders of the