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HISTORY OF CANADA.   11

io the entire valley of the St. Lawrence. Along the northern shore of Lake Ontario, and down both sides of the St. Lawrence to the rapids of Lachine, there was primeval forest to the water's edge. In fact, the country of the Iroquois was surrounded on all sides by a stretch of wilderness through which they hunted in savage mastery.

  1. The Neutrals.—Of kin to these were the Indians of the Neutral nation, whose home lay along the north shore of Lake Erie and stretched eastward across the Niagara River into the State of New York. Their name denotes the position they occupied when first brought into contact with the French. They stood neutral between the Iroquois confederacy and the Huron tribes.

  2. The Hurons.—These occupied the region between Lake Simcoe and the Georgian Bay. They lived in palisaded villages, and in population are sometimes placed as high as 30000. They tilled the soil, and carried on a rude traffic as middlemen between the Neutral and Tobacco nations on the one hand, and the tribes of the Ottawa valley on the other, exchanging the corn of the former for the furs of the latter. The Tobacco nation lived among the Blue Mountains to the west of the Hurons, and were in close alliance with them against the Iroquois, their common foe. Indian corn was the chief agricultural product of all these tribes, and we have many amusing accounts of the different styles in which this cereal was served. The usual form was "sagamite," a kind of porridge mixed with scraps.of game or fish,

The Algonquin Group.—The other inain group o eastern Indians was the Algonquin, the numerous tribes of which lay in a wide circle around the Huron-Iroquois centre. Beginning as far south as Virginia, they occupied the Atlantic seaboard and stretched through New England, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, along the northern heights of the lower St. Lawrence valley, thence up the Ottawa, past Lake Nipissing, and across the head of the Georgian Bay and Lake Huron to Lake Superior ; thence down the western shore of Lake Michigan, through Illinois, Michigan and Ohio, they extended in a wide circle even into Kentucky.* With the exception

* TRIBAL DirisIo s.—They were known by various names—Abenakis in Maine, Micmacs in Nova Scotia and eastern New Brunswick, Etchemine or Jlalacites in western New Brunswick, Mottagnais between the lower St. Lawrence and Hudson Bay, Atticainegues behind Three Rivers, La Petite Nation and Nation de l'Isle on


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