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HISTORY OF CANADA.

 

Circling around to the New Brunswick shore, he was delighted with the soil and climate there. In July he visited, and from its heat named, the Bay of Chaleur. At Gaspe he set up a huge cross in token of French sovereignty over these regions. There also he kidnapped two Indians, natives, as he afterwards learned, of a region higher up the St. Lawrence. These he carried with him to France.

In some way Cartier, on his first voyage, failed to find the entrance to the St. Lawrence River. His fellow-townsmen, the fishermen of St. Maio, aided perhaps by the two Indian captives, were able to convince him that although he had missed the passage through to the west, the passage was nevertheless there. Next year, accordingly, with three ships he again headed for the Straits of Belle Isle. That his aim was to find a salt-water passage through to Verrazano's sea and so on to Asia is clear ; for when, after passing Anticosti, he learned from his two Indians that higher up he would reach fresh water, he turned back along the northern shore to find perchance an overlooked salt-water passage. Finding none, he again turned westward.

Cartier ' discovers " Canada."—Above the Island of Orleans—called by Cartier the Isle of Bacchus, from its luxuriant growth of grapes—was the Indian town of Stadacona, situated just behind the site of the present city of Quebec, on what is now the St. Charles River. Here dwelt Donnacona, king (as the French-men called him) of the surrounding country, and from him Cartier learned that farther west lay the still larger town of Hochelaga. The territory from Hochelaga to the gulf was apparently divided into three districts—Hochelaga, CANADA and Saguenay. Here first we meet the name now borne by our Dominion. It is a word of Huron-i",iquois origin, meaning a town or collection of Indian dwellings. In Cartier's time it was used to designate a small inhabited region on the north shore of the St. Lawrence. After-wards it was applied to the entire valley watered by that stream and its tributaries. Now it brings before the mind our great confederation of self-governing provinces, stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific, fitted we know and destined we trust to be the home of many happy millions.

Hochelaga. —During the autumn of 1535 Cartier with a number of his followers visited Hochelaga. This Indian town,


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