HISTORY OF CANADA.
as the Gulf of St. Lawrence—became familiar to these hardy sailors. It is claimed that at least two of them—Denys and Aubert —had found their way well up the St. Lawrence before 1510. Certain it is that knowledge of the gulf had in some way reached the map-maker Sylvanus in 1511, for in his map of that year the "Square Gulf" (Golfo pwdrado) is outlined, lying to the west of Newfoundland.
Verrazano.—In 1515 Francis I. came to the throne of France. He was ambitious to gain for her a share in the golden stream which was flowing into the coffers of Spain from her new discoveries in the west. In 1524 he commissioned Verrazano to voyage into those parts and secure a portion of this western world for France. Verrazano coasted along the shore from Florida to what is now the State of Maine, and called it all New France. He reported that the streams flowing into the Atlantic were all small. Hence, it is supposed, arose the notion of a narrow barrier of land with, behind it, the Sea of Verrazano—a notion which lasted for many years among the map-makers and scholars of Europe.
The Master Pilot of St. Malo.—To find a way through to this Sea of Verrazano and so reach Cathay was the ardent wish of Francis I. His conflict with his great rival, Charles V., King of