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PRINCESS PATRICIA'S   329

followers and did much towards winning this short, sharp trench battle. The Canadians were vastly out-numbered, but the element of surprise demoralized a bewildered enemy, many of whom were too unnerved even to put up their hands and were killed where they stood or crouched and left where they fell, to be buried in the subsequent ruin of their own handiwork. Only three German prisoners came out alive and two of them were subsequently killed by the fire of their own machine guns before they could be rushed to a place of safety. The three explosive experts, borrowed from the Royal Scots, with the pick-and shovel men, made very short work of the trench and sap, and in a few moments demolished the labour of months. The destruction completed, the invaders immediately retired to their own lines and by sunrise comparative quiet again reigned over the sector.

Telegrams of congratulation began to pour in upon Colonel Farquhar at once, so swiftly does news travel over the modern battlefield. The Commander-in-Chief, Sir John French; General Snow, commanding the Division; Brig.-General Fortescue, commanding the 80th Brigade; General Alderson, commanding the Canadian Expeditionary Force, now in France although not yet in the firing line,—all sent congratulatory messages. A night or two later Premier Asquith from the floor of the House of Commons informed the nation that "the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry has been doing most efficient work during the last few days."

Such is the detail of the first Canadian Trench Raid. It resulted in a complete success in so far as its objective was concerned and was the first intimation to the enemy that they had against them a foe very much to be reckoned with, in spite of the sneering reference of von Bernhardi in his text book of war from the point of view of the Hun. Major Gault, who had been wounded, was decorated with the Distinguished Service Order; Lieu-tenants Crabbe, Papineau, and Colquhoun received the


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