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AT SALISBURY PLAIN   281

1907. In the meantime he had been promoted Major-General and as such he was, in January, 1908, chosen for the command of the 6th (Poona) Division, Southern Army in India and held this important command until 1912. He received the rank of lieutenant-general on October 14th, 1914, when about to take charge of the Canadian Contingent. During the course of his military career he won many decorations, among them the Khedive's Bronze Star, the Queen's Medal with five clasps, and the King's Medal with two clasps and was frequently mentioned in despatches. But the decoration which he probably values most is the Bronze Medal of the Royal Humane Society, awarded to him for saving the life of a private soldier from the turbulent waters of the Nile near Dongola on June 11th, 1885. It was with a sense of relief that Canada learned that a soldier of broad experience, proved on the field of battle, was to be the Commanding Officer of the Canadian Expeditionary Force.

The Headquarters of the Division, where General Alderson and his,Staff were located, was at the "Bustard Inn" four or five miles from Salisbury City on the Salisbury-Devizes road. Almost due north, lay the four tented camps on the left hand side of the road; Bustard, West Down South, West Down North, and Pond Farm. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd Brigades of Infantry, and the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry occupied Bustard and West Down South; the Canadian Field Artillery, Canadian Army Medical Corps, the Canadian Army Service Corps and the Canadian Engineers and Mounted Troops, `Vest,Down North; and the 4th Brigade Infantry, part of the mounted troops, and the Newfoundland Contingent, Pond Farm.

The fine weather continued for four or five days, during which the men, profiting by their camping experience at Valcartier, settled down to make themselves as comfort-able as circumstances would permit. The early mornings were clear and cold, rapidly tempering under the influence


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