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X64   DAYS OF PREPARATION

scale it grappled with the problem of the returned soldier and "has contributed a well-thought-out plan providing for the successful utilization of ten thousand freely-granted farms of 160 acres each, in touch with the world, these to be grouped in communities so that the returned soldiers who accept these farms may begin the developments of their own homesteads under expert supervision, making for a maximum of success in results. This plan has meant expenditures of $3,500,000 more Canadian Pacific Railway money, in the erection of a thousand comfort-able dwellings, a thousand barns, thirteen hundred miles of fencing, the digging or boring of a thousand wells, the preparation for the plough of fifty thousand acres of Canadian soil, and the utilization of twenty million feet of Canadian lumber."

From the commencement of the war all the other Canadian railway companies, according to their resources, did equally as well as the C.P.R. in the free movement of troops to camps and seaports, the carrying of war supplies to the transports, and of steel and other material necessary in the manufacturing of munitions to the hundreds of plants engaged in this work. When the cry came from France for rails and engines for strategic lines leading to the Front, the railways.lent willing aid, and hundreds of miles of track were torn up and sent overseas, while numerous engines and other rolling stock left their peaceful lines in. Canada for the shell-shattered European battlefields. One engine that had been engaged in the Moose Jaw district, while manned by a Canadian crew was to be put of action near Amiens in France, but it went "through the casualty clearing shop for engines and is [July 17th, 1918] ,running steadily."

Roland Hill, in one of his despatches from the Front, writes thus of a railway incident in France:

"Another, Canadian engine, with empty trucks, found itself in the maelstrom near Albert, took its chance of having the line behind it broken, and then came vie-


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