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THE CENSORSHIP   239

which deals with all cable messages other than those intended for publication; and (2) the postal censorship controlled by the Postmaster-General. Though for the purposes of actual censorship these two sections are separate organizations, yet in regard to the principles of censorship particular attention has been given to the task of co-ordinating their aims, methods, and results. In Canada, the Chief Cable Censor is the Chief of the General Staff, first military member of the Militia Council. The objects which he is instructed to keep in view may be thus summarized:

  1. To prevent assistance being given, or naval or military information being transmitted to the enemy.

  2. To prevent the spread of false reports or reports likely to cause disaffection or to interfere directly or indirectly with the success of naval and military operations of British or Allied forces, or likely to prejudice relations with foreign powers or the security, training, discipline, or administration of the British forces.

  3. To collect and distribute to the several Government departments and branches of the Department of Militia and Defence concerned all naval and military information derived from the censorship that may be of use to them.

  4. To deny the use of British cables to any person or firm, whether British, Allied or Neutral, for commercial transactions intended for the benefit of the enemy.

  5. To interfere as little as possible with legitimate British and Neutral trade.

"The Chief Cable Censor," says the British Army Memorandum, "has a delicate task in holding the balance between the advocate of two conflicting conceptions of the ideal censorship. There are those who complain on the one hand that British cables are being used with impunity for transactions conducted ostensibly by British or Neutral firms, but really in the interest of the enemy; and on the other hand that the severity of the censorship is destroying Neutral commerce and


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