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VOLUNTARY WAR RELIEF   211

societies which dealt directly with the relief of the needs of Canadian fighting men through their own agencies—the Canadian Red Cross Society, the St. John Ambulance Association and Brigade, and the Canadian War Contingent Association.

At the beginning of the war, His Royal Highness the Duke of Connaught, Governor-General of Canada, formed a committee to be called the National Relief Committee, consisting of representatives of the Red Cross, St. John Ambulance, and the Canadian Army Medical Corps, and a delineation of spheres of action was decided upon. The Army Medical Corps undertook to furnish all Canadian military hospitals with the necessities of hospital work and to supply the whole of the necessary personnel, selecting the doctors and surgeons, the nursing sisters, and orderlies. The Red Cross Society undertook to make all appeals for money, to supply extra equipment of' all kinds not included in the necessaries of the Army Medical Corps, while the St. John Ambulance was to train and select all voluntary personnel called for by the medical authorities, the expenses of equipping and transporting such personnel being defrayed by grants from the funds raised by the Canadian Red Cross Society. To this arrangement, the Canadian War Contingent Association, charged with the duty of collecting "comforts" for combatant troops, was subsequently ,added.

The history of the splendid achievements of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem links up the Great War of to-day with the Crusades of the Middle Ages; and the merciful work of the Order gained fresh glories on modern battlefields through its Association and Brigade.

In times of peace, the St. John Ambulance Association had trained men and women through First Aid and Home Nursing classes to meet the emergencies of industrial and domestic life; in time of war it mobilized these trained assistants through the Brigade, and placed them at the disposal of the medical services. Many a man


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