comforts for soldiers, as well as educating public opinion as to the need and uses of the Navy.
As the iron hand of Germany crushed out the life and wealth of the countries which she invaded, societies for the relief of the sufferers sprang into existence. The woes of Belgium struck the first note of a chord of pain which was swelled by Serbia, France, Armenia, Poland, and Palestine as they felt the cold grip of invasion.
Ships laden with foodstuffs and clothing crossed the ocean on their errands of mercy, until the same brutal foe who torpedoed the hospital ship struck also at the vessels laden with relief, and compelled the friends of the stricken countries to send their help in money rather than supplies. The value in money and supplies shipped by such widely-represented societies as the Secours National for France and the Belgian and Serbian Relief Funds was very considerable, and, together with grants made by the Canadian Red Cross Society to these countries, cemented a friendship with Canada which will doubtless bring its own reward—unsought yet none the less welcome—in time of peace. The National Council of Women, by its collection of furs for the Italian infantry fighting amongst the mountains, testified to Canada's desire to employ her abundant national resources in the service of the Allies.
As the war advanced, the necessity of providing food-stuffs for the Allies produced a fresh patriotic appeal—not for money, but for personal abstinence and for service in the twin causes of food production and food conservation. Among the "love-gifts" of Canada must be reckoned some part at least of the cargoes of wheat and meat, which bore overseas the result of an appeal to Canadians to abstain voluntarily from using forms of food most needed or best fitted to travel across the ocean for the relief of those on whom the full brunt of the storm of war was falling.
Having now reviewed the work of the many auxiliary organizations, we turn to the record of the Canadian