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VOLUNTARY WAR RELIEF   209

intended only for the relief and comfort of Canadians: she responded liberally also to calls from overseas.

Chief among these was the appeal to the Empire for the support of Red Cross work conducted by the Joint Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John of Jerusalem. In 1915 the appeal came with the irresistible force of the first request for help ever issued from the Motherland to the Daughter Dependencies; and in succeeding years it gained momentum from the ever-advancing claims of war sufferers_ There will be few pages in the history of Canada's share in the war which will shine more brightly than that which records the response to these appeals. In 1916 the Province of Ontario proudly led the van in generosity and gave to the Red Cross in Great Britain $1,906,000 or not far from one half the whole sum ($4,000,000) realized from the Overseas Dominions.

The establishment of a Canadian Branch of Queen Mary's Needlework Guild, with headquarters at Montreal, afforded to Canadians an opportunity of contributing a share to the work carried on by the great clearing-house for supplies with which not only Her Majesty's name but also her personal interest was closely associated. Many branches were scattered throughout the Dominion and a large quantity of supplies was sent overseas. The "Queen's Birthday Shower" yearly resulted in a donation of some thousands of garments; while the issue of the Soldiers' Gazette, giving interesting news for the men at the Front, was a source of great pleasure to the recipients.

Lady Jellicoe's appeal for sailors of the Grand Fleet was warmly supported through the efforts of the National Ladies' Guild of the British and Foreign Sailors' Society, while much good work was done amongst men in the merchant service at the various Canadian ports. In the third year of the war the Navy League greatly enlarged its operations in Canada, collecting funds and


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