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200   DAYS OF PREPARATION

The Pulpit and the Press vied with one another in making known the needs and methods of approved patriotic societies and in exhorting the public to support them with liberality. When an accusation of inefficiency or maladministration was heard, the Press, with but few exceptions, took pains to ascertain the facts of the case; and, if compelled to criticize, its criticism was for the most part sympathetic and constructive.

It is impossible to make even an approximate estimate of the number of women rendering personal service in the manufacture of goods, in the organization of societies, or in voluntary attendance upon sick, wounded, and disabled men. It is useless to attempt to appraise the value of their services or the variety of their operations. Debarred for the most part from the opportunity of risking life in the defence of their country, they turned the torrent of patriotism into the channels of lowly service which revived and refreshed the war-worn nerves in battle zone and hospital.

If we turn from the record of personal service rendered to the contributions of money and other property, we are once again confronted by a universality of generosity. Provinces, counties, municipalities, and townships taxed themselves voluntarily in order to make grants for patriotic purposes. Religious, scientific, and educational bodies, historical and debating societies, Canadian Clubs for men and women, fraternal benefit societies; Boards of Trade, Manufacturers' Associations, Trades and Labour Unions, Farmers' and Graingrowers' Associations; political clubs of every hue—all these welcomed opportunities for familiarizing their members with various phases of war relief in order that they might contribute to their support.

In the same spirit, great business firms, mining corporations, and banking houses voted immense sums of money, even straining their chartered powers in order to set a high standard of giving in business and financial circles; while the employes, often on the "One Day's


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