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VOLUNTARY `VAR RELIEF   175

in the present review with the other subscriptions to the funds in question, interesting though it would be to note in detail, were space available, how the organized governments of the people led the way throughout in the general movement of giving.

Coming to the causes whose appeal was to the people at large and whose success is representative in the main of private giving, the Canadian Patriotic Fund occupies by far the largest place. No other fund was planned on so comprehensive a scale or awakened so wide a response. It was organized, as has been said, at the very beginning of the war, receiving its imprimatur from Parliament itself, the Bill being drawn up by a committee of both sides of the House. The model was the Act of 1901 establishing the South African fund, the small balance accruing to which was taken over. The lieutenant-governors of the provinces, the provincial premiers, various members of the Dominion Government and Parliament, and some twenty others prominent in finance, commerce, or public affairs became its incorporators. The Fund, it need hardly be said, is designed to insure that the wives and other dependents of the soldiers shall not suffer in a material way through the absence of the bread-winner. For the bare maintenance of wife and child, the Government separation allowance is regarded as offering the basic provision. This varies from $20 to $25 a month in the case of privates and sergeants to $50 and $60 in the case of majors and lieutenant-colonels. The Government also assumes the burden of a Pension Fund, whose scale varies from a total of $480 yearly for total disability in the case of a private, upward and downward according to rank and the nature of the injury. These provisions at the best are but a minimum. The Patriotic Fund not only amplifies them, but it sup-plies the human touch necessarily lacking in the automatic machinery of the Government. In effect it investigates the circumstances of every family dependent upon a soldier on active service, and renders assistance to those


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