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174   DAYS OF PREPARATION

as the "magnificent gesture" with which Canada took up the gage of battle.

The Dominion Government's response has been already mentioned. On the second day after the declaration of war the Prime Minister cabled the British Government asking its acceptance of a million bags of flour. The value of the gift was approximately $2,800,000. Canada had long been called the granary of the Empire; the offering came therefore not only at a dramatic moment, but with sure instinct of the problem that was to prove one of the greatest of the war—the food supply of the British Isles. Almost simultaneously the several provinces took action along similar lines. Ontario and Manitoba, like the Dominion, made presents of flour, that from Ontario aggregating $887,459.45 in value and that from Manitoba (50,000 bags), $160,620.09. Quebec's gift was 4,000,000 pounds of cheese, valued at $625,897.56. Saskatchewan contributed horses to the value of $340,381, whilst Alberta and Prince Edward Island gave oats, the former 500,000 bushels, valued at $272,000, and the latter 100,000 bushels, which, with delivery charges, represented $76,722.94. New Bruns-wick's offering was potatoes to the value of $120,041.86, and British Columbia's was canned salmon to the value of $102,246.64. In several of the provinces these donations were subsequently legalized, where that step was necessary, by special acts of the legislatures, as in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Quebec.

This, though it totals nearly five and a half million dollars, does not of course represent the entirety of the grants made by the Dominion and Provincial Governments to patriotic purposes, but only those which were placed directly at the disposal of the Government of the United Kingdom in those opening days of enthusiasm and high feeling. To the Patriotic Fund, the Red Cross Societies, the Belgian Relief Fund and many others, both the Dominion and the Provincial Governments later on gave large contributions. These, however, are merged


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