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172   DAYS OF PREPARATION

miscellaneous supplies. These have been large, and though in many cases it was possible to assign values to them, in others the description was so general that any estimate of the kind was frankly impossible. The Census return contains a list of several hundred items which could not be covered in any valuation, and which undoubtedly in the aggregate represents hundreds of thousands, if not millions of dollars. Moreover, in some cases the returns, even to March, 1917, are not complete. Then, also, as will be noticed later, there is reason for the belief that, outside of the generally known funds, a large amount of organized and systematic giving occurred, which has not found a place in any constituted record. In Ontario alone investigation showed this to exceed $1,200,000, and at least another half million can be located in other provinces. And, finally, there have been the innumerable spontaneous offerings of individual to individual which might claim inclusion in an exhaustive estimate. The single item of comforts sent directly to the soldiers by relatives and friends runs unquestionably into millions. It would seem therefore that a grand total of $55,000,000 as representing aggregate Canadian donations up to the end of the fiscal year 1916-17 might take the place of the $49,271,012 shown in the table and still be eminently safe. Since that date contributions to the Patriotic Fund alone have been maintained at the rate of a million a month, whilst the stream of gifts to such causes as the Red Cross and Belgian Relief have continued to flow. On the third anniversary of the declaration of war, it is possible to say that Canada has given voluntarily and for the most part from the storehouse of her private wealth, apart altogether from her activities as a State, a sum well over sixty and possibly approaching seventy millions of dollars.

To the total above quoted, over forty-eight per cent. has been contributed by the Province of Ontario, and about seventeen per cent. by the Province of Quebec. Manitoba ranks third with about seven per cent., British


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