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THE ALIEN ENEMY IN CANADA 157

 

General usually acting for Germany and the Swedish Consul on behalf of Austria.

The food ration prescribed by the Hague Regulations for issue to prisoners of war is that allowed to our own troops under peace conditions. This scale was maintained until June 1st, 1917, when owing to the necessity for general conservation a reduction was made in the articles of bacon, bread, meat, and potatoes.

With regard to the payment of prisoners, officers taken under arms receive by regulation an allowance of practically $1.00 per day, to be refunded eventually by their own government. Out of this they provide their food and clothing. To German reserve officers, an allowance is made by their government, through the Consul-General of Switzerland in Canada, from which the cost of their food and clothing is deducted. To the rank and file and to civilians of German nationality, their government lately made an allowance of $2.50 per month, also through the Swiss Consul-General. From this no deduction is made. To all prisoners other than the foregoing, and for whom employment cannot be obtained or who are unfitted for employment, a "compassionate" allowance of $1.00 per month is made by the Canadian authorities from the profits of the Prisoners of War canteens, while in the case of wives and children, an allowance of $3.00 for the former and $1.50 for the latter per month were also granted for the purpose of extra diet. The payment of a money allowance, however, has not been limited to those actually interned, but has been extended in certain cases to the dependents of prisoners left unprovided for by the detention of their bread-winner. No prisoners of Austrian or other nationalities receive allowances from their respective governments. Pay at the rate of twenty-five cents per day is prescribed by the Hague regulations for such as are employed within the camp lines, erecting and repairing buildings, cultivating land, clearing, draining, cooking, cutting wood, and performing sanitary fatigues. All pay and allowances, however, are


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