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152   DAYS OF PREPARATION

that nearly eighty thousand persons of enemy nationalities were entered upon the records of the police during the opening year of the war. The great majority were at once released under the report system above described. Those for any reason regarded as dangerous were it once handed over to Sir William Otter. Thus the apprehension and preliminary trial of the enemy alien has pertained to the Dominion Police, whose jurisdiction ends with his lodgment in the hands of the Director of Internment Operations. Should a prisoner, moreover, be discharged, he again comes under the surveillance of the police. In a few cases, an alien thus discharged has been re-arrested; the great majority, however, have found employment, and on the whole it may be said that the aliens left at large have proved a law-abiding and industrious element.

The organization of the arrangements for the internment proper of the prisoners under the Order of November 6th was a work of considerable difficulty. As already stated, there was no precedent in Canada upon which to build, and the circumstances were such that the heaviest weight of the work fell at the very moment of its inception. Within a few weeks' time some 8,200 enemy aliens (two-thirds of them Austrians)—the maxi-mum number at any time under apprehension—had been rounded up by the police and handed over for detention. The first duty was to create an organization at Head-quarters, Lieut.-Colonel D. MacPherson becoming Chief Staff Officer. Immediately thereafter the work of selecting locations for the camps and of erecting or making over the necessary buildings was proceeded with. The most pressing accumulation of prisoners in the opening days occurred at Montreal, and the first camps of all were designed to relieve the congestion there and in the neighbouring portions of Ontario and Quebec. Fort Henry at Kingston and a camp at Petawawa provided for most of these, with smaller establishments at Toronto and Montreal. Soon after, however, two large


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