CREATING THE CANADIAN ARMY 79
men who were willing to yield to moral suasion became scarcer.
"Throughout the winter of 1915-16 there were upwards of twenty units being recruited in the city of Winnipeg alone. Each of these units had an office, with recruiting officers in charge, and met with very discouraging results. Early in February, 1916, the Winnipeg Board of Trade invited one hundred prominent Winnipeg citizens to meet and consider the situation. The result was the formation of the Citizens' Recruiting League, with Chief Justice Mathers as President.
"The league went actively to work, and the result was reflected in the recruiting returns of nearly 9,000 recruits in M.D. No. 10 for March. There has been a gradual falling off, week by week, since, and although the League has kept pegging away, it has arrived at the conclusion that there are but few men left who will respond to anything short of legal compulsion.
"Citizens' Recruiting Leagues were also formed in Fort William and Port Arthur, Portage La Prairie, Brandon, Carman, Crystal City, Russell, Regina, Prince Albert, and Saskatoon, with the object and for the purpose of stimulating recruiting and assisting the military authorities.
"Other organized bodies of citizens which have ¢ealously worked not" only to obtain recruits but to look after those who have returned are the Army and Navy Veterans' Association and the Returned Soldiers' Association, of which his Worship Mayor Waugh is president.
"In August, 1915, through the efforts of Dr. Ellen Douglass of Winnipeg, the Winnipeg Women's Volunteer Reserve was organized with the object of training women so that, in case of an emergency, they might be able to handle the work back of the firing line, or serve in any other capacity that the military authorities might consider practicable . . . the activity of its members in patriotic entertainments has been a stimulant to recruit-