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CREATING THE CANADIAN ARMY 77

 

would be necessary to decide what trades and occupations should be exempted, and for that purpose competent commissioners might be appointed for each Province. A special badge should be then provided for men exempted for special or medical reasons. We are of the opinion that if the Government were to adopt some such measure, it would be warmly welcomed by the great bulk of our population, who wish to see Canada doing her full share in defence of our common Empire, and doing it promptly. . .. For these reasons we consider that change in our system is urgently required."

From Western Canada came another report, made by the Hon. Chief Justice Mathers, President of the Manitoba-Saskatchewan Association, Military District No. 10.

This District comprises western Ontario (taking in the Territory of Keewatin and the Thunder Bay and Rainy River Districts) and the Provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan (headquarters in Winnipeg); while District No. 11 covers the Province of British Columbia (headquarters in Victoria), and District No. 13 the Province of Alberta (headquarters in Calgary). Chief Justice Mathers gives the following figures:

"The 500,000 men to be raised in Canada represent approximately thirteen per cent. of her male population according to the census of 1911. The male population of Western Canada or that part of the Dominion included in Military Districts Nos. 10, 11, and 13, is 1,059,687 and thirteen per cent. of this is 137,358. Up to July 31st, 1916, Military District No. 10 had recruited 72,439 men of 75,930 required; Military District No. 11 had obtained 33,864 though its share was only 32,710; and Military District No. 13 had secured 32,074 men or 2,956 more than its quota, which was 29,118. . . District No. 10 has a large proportion of enemy origin and also a great many other foreigners within its bounds. These, with few exceptions, will not be accepted by the military authorities. The 4,110 which Districts No. 11 and


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