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70   DAYS OF PREPARATION

The Canadian troops now in England are located mainly at Shorncliffe and at Bramshott, the two Canadian training Divisions. The principal administrative offices are in London. Other units are scattered at various points in England from north to south.

The troops within Canada itself are distributed in the Military Districts numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11, 13; and at the following camps: London, Niagara, Borden, Barriefield, Petawawa, Valcartier, Aldershot, Hughes, Vernon, Sydney, B.C., and Sarcee.

Up to January, 1916, the Army Service Corps fed and quartered 87,569 troops, including British Army Reservists and Belgians and 2,891 Montenegrins, and 80,000 troops mobilized in Canada. Between February 1st, 1915, and January 1st, 1916, troops numbering 87,659 with the addition of 2,891 Montenegrins were trans-ported overseas, requiring 157 special trains and 94 steamships for the service. About 3,500 Army Service Corps had proceeded to the front already. Nearly 20,000 horses had been purchased in Canada and most of them transported overseas. The Postal Service was organized and working satisfactorily. Hospital clothing had been provided for the various hospitals and field ambulances. There was a main ordnance depot at Ottawa and subsidiary depots at Halifax, St. John, Quebec, Montreal, Kingston, London, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Victoria—also at Ashford, England. The personnel of the Ordnance Corps was increased in a year from 322 to 529. During 1916 over 125,000 troops in Canada were supplied and over 80,000 transported over-seas. Various defensive measures have been adopted by the Ordnance Branch along the coasts.

The work of the office of the Director of Contracts was suddenly increased from ten to fifteen times, and this had to be disposed of by a staff absolutely under-manned at first, and never large enough, for a year or more, to cope fully with the requirements. The Accoun-


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